Structural markers observed with endoscopic 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography correlating with Barrett's esophagus radiofrequency ablation treatment response
Author(s)Tsai, Tsung-Han; Zhou, Chao; Tao, Yuankai K.; Lee, Hsiang-Chieh; Figueiredo, Marisa; Kirtane, Tejas; Adler, Desmond C.; Schmitt, Joseph M.; Huang, Qin; Fujimoto, James G.; Mashimo, Hiroshi; Ahsen, Osman Oguz; ... Show more Show less
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Background Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is effective for treating Barrett's esophagus (BE) but often involves multiple endoscopy sessions over several months to achieve complete response. Objective Identify structural markers that correlate with treatment response by using 3-dimensional (3-D) optical coherence tomography (OCT; 3-D OCT). Design Cross-sectional. Setting Single teaching hospital. Patients Thirty-three patients, 32 male and 1 female, with short-segment (<3 cm) BE undergoing RFA treatment. Intervention Patients were treated with focal RFA, and 3-D OCT was performed at the gastroesophageal junction before and immediately after the RFA treatment. Patients were re-examined with standard endoscopy 6 to 8 weeks later and had biopsies to rule out BE if not visibly evident. Main Outcome Measurements The thickness of BE epithelium before RFA and the presence of residual gland-like structures immediately after RFA were determined by using 3-D OCT. The presence of BE at follow-up was assessed endoscopically. Results BE mucosa was significantly thinner in patients who achieved complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia than in patients who did not achieve complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia at follow-up (257 ± 60 μm vs 403 ± 86 μm; P < .0001). A threshold thickness of 333 μm derived from receiver operating characteristic curves corresponded to a 92.3% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and 87.9% accuracy in predicting the presence of BE at follow-up. The presence of OCT-visible glands immediately after RFA also correlated with the presence of residual BE at follow-up (83.3% sensitivity, 95% specificity, 90.6% accuracy). Limitations Single center, cross-sectional study in which only patients with short-segment BE were examined. Conclusion Three-dimensional OCT assessment of BE thickness and residual glands during RFA sessions correlated with treatment response. Three-dimensional OCT may predict responses to RFA or aid in making real-time RFA retreatment decisions in the future.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
Tsai, Tsung-Han, Chao Zhou, Yuankai K. Tao, Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Osman O. Ahsen, Marisa Figueiredo, Tejas Kirtane, et al. “Structural Markers Observed with Endoscopic 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography Correlating with Barrett’s Esophagus Radiofrequency Ablation Treatment Response (with Videos).” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 76, no. 6 (December 2012): 1104–1112.
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