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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Issue Date

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  • Lee, Samuel K.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Xue, Wei; Safdi, Benjamin; Slatyer, Tracy Robyn (American Physical Society, 2016-02)
    We present a new method to characterize unresolved point sources (PSs) generalizing traditional template fits to account for non-Poissonian photon statistics. We apply this method to Fermi Large Area Telescope γ-ray data ...
  • Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Brown, D. N.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Lankford, A. J.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Panduro Vazquez, W.; Chao, D. S.; Cheng, C. H.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Kim, J.; Miyashita, T. S.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Röhrken, M.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Sun, L.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Santoro, V.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Bhuyan, B.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Prell, S.; Ahmed, H.; Pennington, M. R.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Banerjee, Sw.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Schubert, K. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Cenci, R.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cheaib, R.; Robertson, S. H.; Dey, B.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Summers, D. J.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Gaz, A.; Margoni, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Rama, M.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Anulli, F.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Pilloni, A.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Dittrich, S.; Grünberg, O.; Heß, M.; Leddig, T.; Voß, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Aston, D.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va’vra, J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Purohit, M. V.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Schwitters, R. F.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Albert, J.; Beaulieu, A.; Bernlochner, F. U.; King, G. J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S. L.; Cowan, Ray Franklin (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We study the processes γγ → K[0 over S]K[superscript ±]π[superscript ∓] and γγ → K[superscript +]K[superscript -]π[superscript 0] using a data sample of 519  fb[superscript -1] recorded with the BABAR detector operating ...
  • Romano, Giuseppe; Esfarjani, Keivan; Broido, David; Kolpak, Alexie M.; Strubbe, David (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Nanostructured materials exhibit low thermal conductivity because of the additional scattering due to phonon-boundary interactions. As these interactions are highly sensitive to the mean free path (MFP) of phonons, MFP ...
  • Pham, Linh M.; DeVience, Stephen J.; Casola, Francesco; Lovchinsky, Igor; Sushkov, Alexander O.; Bersin, Eric; Lee, Junghyun; Urbach, Elana; Cappellaro, Paola; Park, Hongkun; Yacoby, Amir; Lukin, Mikhail; Walsworth, Ronald L. (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We demonstrate a robust experimental method for determining the depth of individual shallow nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond with ∼1 nm uncertainty. We use a confocal microscope to observe single NV centers and ...
  • Larkoski, Andrew J.; Moult, Ian James (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Despite their importance for precision QCD calculations, correlations between in- and out-of-jet regions of phase space have never directly been observed. These so-called nonglobal effects are present generically whenever ...
  • Kumar, Anshuman; Nemilentsau, Andrei; Fung, Kin Hung; Hanson, George; Low, Tony; Fang, Nicholas Xuanlai (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We study the electromagnetic response and surface electromagnetic modes in a generic gapped Dirac material under pumping with circularly polarized light. The valley imbalance due to pumping leads to a net Berry curvature, ...
  • Maghrebi, Mohammad F.; Kardar, Mehran; Kruger, Matthias (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Fluctuation and dissipation are byproducts of coupling to the “environment.” The Caldeira-Leggett model, a successful paradigm of quantum Brownian motion, views the environment as a collection of harmonic oscillators ...
  • Schoutens, Kareljan; Wen, Xiao-Gang (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Self-consistent (non-)Abelian statistics in 2+1 dimensions (2+1D) are classified by modular tensor categories (MTCs). In recent works, a simplified axiomatic approach to MTCs, based on fusion coefficients N[ij over k] and ...
  • Larkoski, Andrew J.; Moult, Ian James (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Jet substructure observables play a central role at the Large Hadron Collider for identifying the boosted hadronic decay products of electroweak scale resonances. The complete description of these observables requires ...
  • Mutzafi, Maor; Levy, Amir; Harari, Gal; Herzig Sheinfux, Hanan; Nemirovsky, Jonathan; Joannopoulos, John D.; Segev, Mordechai; Kaminer, Ido Efraim; Skirlo, Scott A.; Soljacic, Marin; Joannopoulos, John D. (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We show that the well-known Cerenkov effect contains new phenomena arising from the quantum nature of charged particles. The Cerenkov transition amplitudes allow coupling between the charged particle and the emitted photon ...
  • Liu, Zi-Wen; Perry, Christopher; Zhu, Yechao; Koh, Dax Enshan; Aaronson, Scott (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We prove the existence of (one-way) communication tasks with a subconstant versus superconstant asymptotic gap, which we call “doubly infinite,” between their quantum information and communication complexities. We do so ...
  • Kollmannsperger, Alina; Sharei, Armon; Raulf, Anika; Heilemann, Mike; Langer, Robert; Jensen, Klavs F.; Wieneke, Ralph; Tampe, Robert (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01)
    Live-cell labelling techniques to visualize proteins with minimal disturbance are important; however, the currently available methods are limited in their labelling efficiency, specificity and cell permeability. We describe ...
  • Kim, Isaac H.; Haah, Jeongwan (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    The cubic code model is studied in the presence of arbitrary extensive perturbations. Below a critical perturbation strength, we show that most states with finite energy are localized; the overwhelming majority of such ...
  • Hosseini, Mahdi; Duan, Yiheng; Chen, Wenlan; Beck, Kristin Marie; Vuletic, Vladan (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    We report the continuous and partially nondestructive measurement of optical photons. For a weak light pulse traveling through a slow-light optical medium (signal), the associated atomic-excitation component is detected ...
  • Toro, Maria L; Pearlman, Jonathan; Eke, Chika Uzoma (BioMed Central, 2016-01)
    Background For people who have a mobility impairment, access to an appropriate wheelchair is an important step towards social inclusion and participation. The World Health Organization Guidelines for the Provision of ...
  • Aaronson, Scott; Brod, Daniel J. (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    BosonSampling is an intermediate model of quantum computation where linear-optical networks are used to solve sampling problems expected to be hard for classical computers. Since these devices are not expected to be universal ...
  • Xu, Kun; Tian, Xuejun; Movassaghi, Mohammad; Kuperwasser, Charlotte; Oh, Sun Y.; Naber, Stephen P.; Buchsbaum, Rachel J. (BioMed Central, 2016-01)
    Background The tumor microenvironment has complex effects in cancer pathophysiology that are not fully understood. Most cancer therapies are directed against malignant cells specifically, leaving pro-malignant signals ...
  • Chan, Ching-Kit; Lee, Patrick A.; Burch, Kenneth S.; Han, Jung Hoon; Ran, Ying (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    The Weyl semimetal is characterized by three-dimensional linear band touching points called Weyl nodes. These nodes come in pairs with opposite chiralities. We show that the coupling of circularly polarized photons with ...
  • Slatyer, Tracy Robyn (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Any injection of electromagnetically interacting particles during the cosmic dark ages will lead to increased ionization, heating, production of Lyman-α photons and distortions to the energy spectrum of the cosmic microwave ...
  • Isogai, Tomoki; Miller, John; Tse, Maggie; Barsotti, Lisa; Mavalvala, Nergis; Oelker, Eric Glenn; Evans, Matthew J. (American Physical Society, 2016-01)
    Quantum vacuum fluctuations impose strict limits on precision displacement measurements, those of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors among them. Introducing squeezed states into an interferometer’s readout port ...
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