Trm9-Catalyzed tRNA Modifications Regulate Global Protein Expression by Codon-Biased Translation
Author(s)Deng, Wenjun; Babu, I. Ramesh; Su, Dan; Yin, Shanye; Begley, Thomas J.; Dedon, Peter C.; ... Show more Show less
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Post-transcriptional modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) have long been recognized to play crucial roles in regulating the rate and fidelity of translation. However, the extent to which they determine global protein production remains poorly understood. Here we use quantitative proteomics to show a direct link between wobble uridine 5-methoxycarbonylmethyl (mcm[superscript 5]) and 5-methoxy-carbonyl-methyl-2-thio (mcm[superscript 5]s[superscript 2]) modifications catalyzed by tRNA methyltransferase 9 (Trm9) in tRNA[superscript Arg(UCU)] and tRNA[superscript Glu(UUC)] and selective translation of proteins from genes enriched with their cognate codons. Controlling for bias in protein expression and alternations in mRNA expression, we find that loss of Trm9 selectively impairs expression of proteins from genes enriched with AGA and GAA codons under both normal and stress conditions. Moreover, we show that AGA and GAA codons occur with high frequency in clusters along the transcripts, which may play a role in modulating translation. Consistent with these results, proteins subject to enhanced ribosome pausing in yeast lacking mcm[superscript 5]U and mcm[superscript 5]s[superscript 2]U are more likely to be down-regulated and contain a larger number of AGA/GAA clusters. Together, these results suggest that Trm9-catalyzed tRNA modifications play a significant role in regulating protein expression within the cell.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
Public Library of Science
Deng, Wenjun, I. Ramesh Babu, Dan Su, Shanye Yin, Thomas J. Begley, and Peter C. Dedon. “Trm9-Catalyzed tRNA Modifications Regulate Global Protein Expression by Codon-Biased Translation.” Edited by Alan G Hinnebusch. PLOS Genetics 11, no. 12 (December 15, 2015): e1005706.
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