W-state Analyzer and Multi-party Measurement-device-independent Quantum Key Distribution
Author(s)Zhu, Changhua; Xu, Feihu; Pei, Changxing
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W-state is an important resource for many quantum information processing tasks. In this paper, we for the first time propose a multi-party measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol based on W-state. With linear optics, we design a W-state analyzer in order to distinguish the four-qubit W-state. This analyzer constructs the measurement device for four-party MDI-QKD. Moreover, we derived a complete security proof of the four-party MDI-QKD, and performed a numerical simulation to study its performance. The results show that four-party MDI-QKD is feasible over 150 km standard telecom fiber with off-the-shelf single photon detectors. This work takes an important step towards multi-party quantum communication and a quantum network.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
Nature Publishing Group
Zhu, Changhua, Feihu Xu, and Changxing Pei. “W-State Analyzer and Multi-Party Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution.” Scientific Reports 5 (December 8, 2015): 17449.
Final published version