Epoxy functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes for improved adhesives
Author(s)Lee, Jae-Hwang; Thomas, Edwin L.; Walish, Joseph John; Swager, Timothy M; Sydlik, Stefanie Arlene
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Three different types of epoxy-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (EpCNTs) were prepared by multiple covalent functionalization methods. The EpCNTs were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Raman spectroscopy to confirm covalent functionalization. The effect of the different chemistries on the adhesive properties was compared to a neat commercial epoxy (Hexion formulation 4007) using functionalized and unfunctionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10 wt%. It was found that an EpCNT at 1 wt% increased the lap shear strength, tested using the American Society for Testing and Materials standard test D1002, by 36% over the unfilled epoxy formulation and by 27% over a 1 wt% unmodified MWCNT control sample. SEM images revealed a fracture surface morphology change with the incorporation of EpCNT and a deflection of the crack fronts at the site of embedded CNTs, as the mechanism accounting for increased adhesive strength. Rheological studies showed non-linear viscosity and DSC cure studies showed an alteration of cure kinetics with increased CNT concentration, and these effects were more pronounced for EpCNT.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Sydlik, Stefanie A., Jae-Hwang Lee, Joseph J. Walish, Edwin L. Thomas, and Timothy M. Swager. “Epoxy Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Improved Adhesives.” Carbon 59 (August 2013): 109–120.
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