Bactericidal Antibiotics Induce Toxic Metabolic Perturbations that Lead to Cellular Damage
Author(s)Belenky, Peter; Ye, Jonathan D.; Cohen, Nadia R.; Ferrante, Thomas; Jain, Saloni; Korry, Benjamin J.; Schwarz, Eric G.; Walker, Graham C.; Collins, James J.; Porter, Caroline; Lobritz, Michael; ... Show more Show less
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Understanding how antibiotics impact bacterial metabolism may provide insight into their mechanisms of action and could lead to enhanced therapeutic methodologies. Here, we profiled the metabolome of Escherichia coli after treatment with three different classes of bactericidal antibiotics (β-lactams, aminoglycosides, quinolones). These treatments induced a similar set of metabolic changes after 30 min that then diverged into more distinct profiles at later time points. The most striking changes corresponded to elevated concentrations of central carbon metabolites, active breakdown of the nucleotide pool, reduced lipid levels, and evidence of an elevated redox state. We examined potential end-target consequences of these metabolic perturbations and found that antibiotic-treated cells exhibited cytotoxic changes indicative of oxidative stress, including higher levels of protein carbonylation, malondialdehyde adducts, nucleotide oxidation, and double-strand DNA breaks. This work shows that bactericidal antibiotics induce a complex set of metabolic changes that are correlated with the buildup of toxic metabolic by-products.
DepartmentInstitute for Medical Engineering and Science; MIT Synthetic Biology Center; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Belenky, Peter, Jonathan D. Ye, Caroline B.M. Porter, Nadia R. Cohen, Michael A. Lobritz, Thomas Ferrante, Saloni Jain, et al. “Bactericidal Antibiotics Induce Toxic Metabolic Perturbations That Lead to Cellular Damage.” Cell Reports 13, no. 5 (November 2015): 968–980.
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