Molecular sled sequences are common in mammalian proteins
Author(s)Xiong, Kan; Blainey, Paul C.
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Recent work revealed a new class of molecular machines called molecular sleds, which are small basic molecules that bind and slide along DNA with the ability to carry cargo along DNA. Here, we performed biochemical and single-molecule flow stretching assays to investigate the basis of sliding activity in molecular sleds. In particular, we identified the functional core of pVIc, the first molecular sled characterized; peptide functional groups that control sliding activity; and propose a model for the sliding activity of molecular sleds. We also observed widespread DNA binding and sliding activity among basic polypeptide sequences that implicate mammalian nuclear localization sequences and many cell penetrating peptides as molecular sleds. These basic protein motifs exhibit weak but physiologically relevant sequence-nonspecific DNA affinity. Our findings indicate that many mammalian proteins contain molecular sled sequences and suggest the possibility that substantial undiscovered sliding activity exists among nuclear mammalian proteins.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
Nucleic Acids Research
Oxford University Press
Xiong, Kan, and Paul C. Blainey. “Molecular Sled Sequences Are Common in Mammalian Proteins.” Nucleic Acids Research (February 8, 2016): gkw035.
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