Molecular Tools and Approaches for Optogenetics
Author(s)Mei, Yuan; Zhang, Feng
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The mammalian brain poses a formidable challenge to the study and treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases, owing to the complex interaction of genetic, epigenetic, and circuit-level mechanisms underlying pathogenesis. Technologies that facilitate functional dissection of distinct brain circuits are necessary for systematic identification of disease origin and therapy. Recent developments in optogenetics technology have begun to address this challenge by enabling precise perturbation of distinct cell types based on molecular signatures, functional projections, and intracellular biochemical signaling pathways. With high temporal precision and reversible neuromodulation, optogenetics promises to improve existing disease models and advance our understanding of psychiatric conditions. In this review, we describe the current state of molecular optogenetic tools and future directions of development.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Mei, Yuan, and Feng Zhang. “Molecular Tools and Approaches for Optogenetics.” Biological Psychiatry 71, no. 12 (June 2012): 1033–1038.
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