16-Month-Olds Rationally Infer Causes of Failed Actions
Author(s)Gweon, Hyowon; Schulz, Laura E.
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Sixteen-month-old infants (N = 83) rationally used sparse data about the distribution of outcomes among agents and objects to solve a fundamental inference problem: deciding whether event outcomes are due to themselves or the world. When infants experienced failed outcomes, their causal attributions affected whether they sought help or explored.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Gweon, Hyowon and Laura Schulz. "16-Month-Olds Rationally Infer Causes of Failed Actions." Science (24 Jun 2011) 332:6037, pp. 1524.
Author's final manuscript