Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
Author(s)Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Kremer, Michael
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A seven-year randomized evaluation suggests education subsidies reduce adolescent girls' dropout, pregnancy, and marriage but not sexually transmitted infection (STI). The government's HIV curriculum, which stresses abstinence until marriage, does not reduce pregnancy or STI. Both programs combined reduce STI more, but cut dropout and pregnancy less, than education subsidies alone. These results are inconsistent with a model of schooling and sexual behavior in which both pregnancy and STI are determined by one factor (unprotected sex), but consistent with a two-factor model in which choices between committed and casual relationships also affect these outcomes.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics
American Economic Review
American Economic Association (AEA)
Duflo, Esther, Pascaline Dupas, and Michael Kremer. “ Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya † .” American Economic Review 105, no. 9 (September 2015): 2757–2797. ©2016 American Economic Association.
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