On thermally forced flows in urban street canyons
Author(s)Magnusson, S.; Dallman, A.; Entekhabi, D.; Britter, R.; Norford, L.; Fernando, H. J. S.; Entekhabi, Dara; Britter, Rex E.; Norford, Leslie Keith; ... Show more Show less
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During sunny days with periods of low synoptic wind, buoyancy forces can play a critical role on the air flow, and thus on the dispersion of pollutants in the built urban environments. Earlier studies provide evidence that when a surface inside an urban street canyon is at a higher temperature than that of local ambient air, buoyancy forces can modify the mechanically-induced circulation within the canyons (i.e., gaps between buildings). The aspect ratio of the urban canyon is a critical factor in the manifestation of the buoyancy parameter. In this paper, computational fluid dynamics simulations are performed on urban street canyons with six different aspect ratios, focusing on the special case where the leeward wall is at a greater temperature than local ambient air. A non-dimensional measure of the influence of buoyancy is used to predict demarcations between the flow regimes. Simulations are performed under a range of buoyancy conditions, including beyond those of previous studies. Observations from a field experiment and a wind tunnel experiment are used to validate the results.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Magnusson, S. et al. “On Thermally Forced Flows in Urban Street Canyons.” Environmental Fluid Mechanics 14.6 (2014): 1427–1441.
Author's final manuscript