Occurrence and genetic diversity of human cosavirus in influent and effluent of wastewater treatment plants in Arizona, United States
Author(s)Kitajima, Masaaki; Rachmadi, Andri T.; Iker, Brandon C.; Haramoto, Eiji; Pepper, Ian L.; Gerba, Charles P.; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
Human cosavirus (HCoSV) is a novel member of the family Picornaviridae. We investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of HCoSV in influent and effluent wastewater in Arizona over a 12-month period, from August 2011 to July 2012. HCoSV sequences were identified in six (25 %) influent samples and one (4 %) effluent sample, with the highest concentration of 3.24 x 10[superscript 5] and 1.54 x 10³ copies/liter in influent and effluent, respectively. The strains were characterized based on their 5’ untranslated region and classified into species A and D, demonstrating that genetically heterogeneous HCoSV were circulating with a clear temporal shift of predominant strains in the study area.
DepartmentSingapore-MIT Alliance in Research and Technology (SMART)
Archives of Virology
Kitajima, Masaaki et al. “Occurrence and Genetic Diversity of Human Cosavirus in Influent and Effluent of Wastewater Treatment Plants in Arizona, United States.” Archives of Virology 160.7 (2015): 1775–1779.
Author's final manuscript