USP compendial methods for analysis of heparin: chromatographic determination of molecular weight distributions for heparin sodium
Author(s)Mulloy, Barbara; Heath, Alan; Jameison, Fabian; Al Hakim, Ali; Morris, Tina S.; Szajek, Anita Y.; Shriver, Zachary H; ... Show more Show less
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Heparin is a polysaccharide product isolated from glycosaminoglycans of porcine mucosa (or occasionally other tissues and species). It is a linear non-uniform polymer consisting of alternating glucosamine and uronic acid monosaccharide residues and is highly sulfated. Heparin sodium drug product (HP) used in medicine consists of chains with molecular weight (MW) ranging from under 5,000 to over 50,000. Although HP has been used as an injectable antithrombotic medicine for more than 70 years, many aspects of its structure and purity, including its MW, have not been specified by public standards until recent years. In 2008, a number of HP lots associated with severe adverse effects, including fatalities, were found to have been contaminated with oversulfated chondroitin sulfate. This incident led to thorough revision of compendial standards worldwide. In the USA, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) encouraged the inclusion of enhanced standards for purity and identity in the relevant monographs of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) including acceptance criteria for MW distribution.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Mulloy, Barbara et al. “USP Compendial Methods for Analysis of Heparin: Chromatographic Determination of Molecular Weight Distributions for Heparin Sodium.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 406.20 (2014): 4815–4823.
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