Preparation and thermal analysis kinetics of the core–nanoshell composite materials doped with Sm
Author(s)Che, Ruxin; Jiang, Yijun; Wei, Liqiu; He, Xiaona
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The core–nanoshell composite materials with magnetic fly-ash hollow cenosphere as core and nano SmFeO3 as shell were synthesized by high-energy ball milling method. The magnetic fly-ash hollow cenosphere, samarium nitrate, and iron nitrate were used as raw materials. The synthesis and growth kinetics of the composite materials were investigated using the thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG–DTA) at different heating rates. The results show that the precursor of the composite materials decomposes in three steps. The apparent activation energy of each stage was calculated using the Doyle–Ozawa and Kissinger methods. The reaction order, frequency factor, and rate equations were also determined. The activation energy of the nano crystallite growth is calculated to be 16.12 kJ mol−1 according to kinetics theory of nano crystallite growth. It can be inferred that the crystallite grows primarily by means of an interfacial reaction during the thermal treatment. The magnetic properties and microwave absorbing properties of samples were analyzed by the vibrating sample magnetometer analysis and vector network analyzer. The results indicated that the exchange coupling interaction happens between ferrite of magnetic fly-ash hollow cenosphere and nanosized ferrite coating, which cause outstanding magnetic properties. In the frequency between 1 MHz and 1 GHz, the absorbing effectiveness of the composite absorbers can achieve −32 dB. The magnetic properties of the composite material are better than those of single phase. So it is consistent with requirements of the microwave absorbing material at the low-frequency absorption.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Che, Ruxin, Yijun Jiang, Liqiu Wei, and Xiaona He. “Preparation and Thermal Analysis Kinetics of the Core–nanoshell Composite Materials Doped with Sm.” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 116, no. 2 (December 13, 2013): 905–913.
Final published version