The Dynamics of Eukaryotic Replication Initiation: Origin Specificity, Licensing, and Firing at the Single-Molecule Level
Author(s)Duzdevich, Daniel; Ticau, Simina; Greene, Eric C.; Warner, Megan Dobbins; Ivica, Nikola; Bell, Stephen P; ... Show more Show less
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Eukaryotic replication initiation is highly regulated and dynamic. It begins with the origin recognition complex (ORC) binding DNA sites called origins of replication. ORC, together with Cdc6 and Cdt1, mediate pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) assembly by loading a double hexamer of Mcm2–7: the core of the replicative helicase. Here, we use single-molecule imaging to directly visualize Saccharomyces cerevisiae pre-RC assembly and replisome firing in real time. We show that ORC can locate and stably bind origins within large tracts of non-origin DNA and that Cdc6 drives ordered pre-RC assembly. We further show that the dynamics of the ORC-Cdc6 interaction dictate Mcm2–7 loading specificity and that Mcm2–7 double hexamers form preferentially at a native origin sequence. Finally, we demonstrate that single Mcm2–7 hexamers propagate bidirectionally, monotonically, and processively as constituents of active replisomes.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Duzdevich, Daniel et al. “The Dynamics of Eukaryotic Replication Initiation: Origin Specificity, Licensing, and Firing at the Single-Molecule Level.” Molecular Cell 58.3 (2015): 483–494.
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