Graphene Oxide Nanosheets Modified with Single-Domain Antibodies for Rapid and Efficient Capture of Cells
Author(s)Chen, Guan-Yu; Theile, Christopher S.; Duarte, Joao N.; Maruyama, Takeshi; Rashidfarrokh, Ali; Bardhan, Neelkanth Manoj; Kumar, Priyank Vijaya; Belcher, Angela M; Ploegh, Hidde; Li, Zeyang,S.M.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.; ... Show more Show less
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Peripheral blood can provide valuable information on an individual’s immune status. Cell-based assays typically target leukocytes and their products. Characterization of leukocytes from whole blood requires their separation from the far more numerous red blood cells.1 Current methods to classify leukocytes, such as recovery on antibody-coated beads or fluorescence-activated cell sorting require long sample preparation times and relatively large sample volumes.2 A simple method that enables the characterization of cells from a small peripheral whole blood sample could overcome limitations of current analytical techniques. We describe the development of a simple graphene oxide surface coated with single-domain antibody fragments. This format allows quick and efficient capture of distinct WBC subpopulations from small samples (∼30 μL) of whole blood in a geometry that does not require any specialized equipment such as cell sorters or microfluidic devices.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research; Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
Chemistry - A European Journal
Chen, Guan-Yu et al. “Graphene Oxide Nanosheets Modified with Single-Domain Antibodies for Rapid and Efficient Capture of Cells.” Chemistry - A European Journal 21.48 (2015): 17178–17183.
Author's final manuscript