A global reference for human genetic variation
Author(s)The 1000 Genomes Project Consortium; Gabriel, Stacey; Lander, Eric Steven; Daly, Mark J; Banks, Eric; Bhatia, Gaurav; Kashin, Seva; McCarroll, Steven A; Nemesh, James; Poplin, Ryan E.; Sabeti, Pardis; Shlyakhter, Ilya; Schaffner, Stephen F; Vitti, Joseph; Gymrek, Melissa A; Hartler, Christina M.; Tariyal, Ridhi; ... Show more Show less
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The 1000 Genomes Project set out to provide a comprehensive description of common human genetic variation by applying whole-genome sequencing to a diverse set of individuals from multiple populations. Here we report completion of the project, having reconstructed the genomes of 2,504 individuals from 26 populations using a combination of low-coverage whole-genome sequencing, deep exome sequencing, and dense microarray genotyping. We characterized a broad spectrum of genetic variation, in total over 88 million variants (84.7 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 3.6 million short insertions/deletions (indels), and 60,000 structural variants), all phased onto high-quality haplotypes. This resource includes >99% of SNP variants with a frequency of >1% for a variety of ancestries. We describe the distribution of genetic variation across the global sample, and discuss the implications for common disease studies.
DepartmentInstitute for Medical Engineering and Science; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; Lincoln Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Nature Publishing Group
Auton, Adam, Gonçalo R. Abecasis, David M. Altshuler, et al. “A Global Reference for Human Genetic Variation.” Nature, vol. 526, no. 7571, 2015, pp. 68–74.
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