Thermal Properties of Silica Aerogel Formula
Author(s)Cohen, Ellann; Glicksman, Leon R
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The thermal conductivity of silica aerogel developed in this research program was measured using the transient hot-wire technique. The thermal conductivity of monolithic samples drops significantly from 9.3 mW/m · K to 3.2 mW/m · K with modest pressure reduction from 1 atm to 0.1 atm. The same aerogel in granular form has a thermal conductivity of 15.0 mW/m · K at ambient gas pressure with a modest compression applied to compact the granules and reduce the air void sizes. Radiation heat transfer in the hot-wire test may not be representative of its contribution in large scale applications. Measurements of the monochromatic extinction coefficient over the wavelengths of interest resulted in a Rosseland mean extinction coefficient of 2400 m[superscript −1] at 300 K. The small thermal penetration distance during the hot-wire measurements suggest that in actual use radiation could contribute approximately 2.5 mW/m · K with a possible upper limit of 3.0 mW/m · K to the effective thermal conductivity over that measured using the transient hot-wire method.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Journal of Heat Transfer
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Cohen, Ellann, and Leon Glicksman. “Thermal Properties of Silica Aerogel Formula.” Journal of Heat Transfer 137.8 (2015): 81601.
Final published version