Estimation of local concentration from measurements of stochastic adsorption dynamics using carbon nanotube-based sensors
Author(s)Jang, Hong; Lee, Jay H.; Braatz, Richard D
MetadataShow full item record
This paper proposes a maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method for estimating time varying local concentration of the target molecule proximate to the sensor from the time profile of monomolecular adsorption and desorption on the surface of the sensor at nanoscale. Recently, several carbon nanotube sensors have been developed that can selectively detect target molecules at a trace concentration level. These sensors use light intensity changes mediated by adsorption or desorption phenomena on their surfaces. The molecular events occurring at trace concentration levels are inherently stochastic, posing a challenge for optimal estimation. The stochastic behavior is modeled by the chemical master equation (CME), composed of a set of ordinary differential equations describing the time evolution of probabilities for the possible adsorption states. Given the significant stochastic nature of the underlying phenomena, rigorous stochastic estimation based on the CME should lead to an improved accuracy over than deterministic estimation formulated based on the continuum model. Motivated by this expectation, we formulate the MLE based on an analytical solution of the relevant CME, both for the constant and the time-varying local concentrations, with the objective of estimating the analyte concentration field in real time from the adsorption readings of the sensor array. The performances of the MLE and the deterministic least squares are compared using data generated by kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations of the stochastic process. Some future challenges are described for estimating and controlling the concentration field in a distributed domain using the sensor technology.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Jang, Hong, Jay H. Lee, and Richard D. Braatz. “Estimation of Local Concentration from Measurements of Stochastic Adsorption Dynamics Using Carbon Nanotube-Based Sensors.” Korean J. Chem. Eng. 33, no. 1 (August 18, 2015): 33–45.
Author's final manuscript