Charge based intra-cartilage delivery of single dose dexamethasone using Avidin nano-carriers suppresses cytokine-induced catabolism long term
Author(s)Bajpayee, Ambika Goel; Quadir, Mohiuddin Abdul; Hammond, Paula T; Grodzinsky, Alan J
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Objective: Avidin exhibits ideal characteristics for targeted intra-cartilage drug delivery: its small size and optimal positive charge enable rapid penetration through full-thickness cartilage and electrostatic binding interactions that give long half-lives in vivo. Here we conjugated Avidin with dexamethasone (DEX) and tested the hypothesis that single-dose Avidin-delivered DEX can ameliorate catabolic effects in cytokine-challenged cartilage relevant to post-traumatic OA. Methods: Avidin was covalently conjugated with DEX using fast (ester) and slow, pH-sensitive release (hydrazone) linkers. DEX release kinetics from these conjugates was characterized using 3H-DEX-Avidin (scintillation counting). Cartilage explants treated with IL-1α were cultured with or without Avidin-DEX conjugates and compared to soluble DEX. Sulfated-glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) loss and biosynthesis rates were measured using DMMB assay and 35S-incorporation, respectively. Chondrocyte viability was measured using fluorescence staining. Results: Ester linker released DEX from Avidin significantly faster than hydrazone under physiological buffer conditions. Single dose Avidin-DEX suppressed cytokine-induced sGAG loss over 3-weeks, rescued IL-1α-induced cell death, and restored sGAG synthesis levels without causing cytotoxicity. The two Avidin-DEX conjugates in 1:1 combination (fast:slow) had the most prominent bioactivity compared to single dose soluble-DEX, which had a shorter-lived effect and thus needed continuous replenishment throughout the culture period to ameliorate catabolic effects. Conclusion: Intra-cartilage drug delivery remains inadequate as drugs rapidly clear from the joint, requiring multiple injections or sustained release of high doses in synovial fluid. A single dose of Avidin-conjugated drug enables rapid uptake and sustained delivery inside cartilage at low intratissue doses, and potentially can minimize unwanted drug exposure to other joint tissues.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering; Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Bajpayee, A.G. et al. “Charge Based Intra-Cartilage Delivery of Single Dose Dexamethasone Using Avidin Nano-Carriers Suppresses Cytokine-Induced Catabolism Long Term.” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 24.1 (2016): 71–81. .
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