Rhythm histograms and musical meter: A corpus study of Malian percussion music
Author(s)London, Justin; Polak, Rainer; Jacoby, Kinor
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Studies of musical corpora have given empirical grounding to the various features that characterize particular musical styles and genres. Palmer & Krumhansl (1990) found that in Western classical music the likeliest places for a note to occur are the most strongly accented beats in a measure, and this was also found in subsequent studies using both Western classical and folk music corpora (Huron & Ommen, 2006; Temperley, 2010). We present a rhythmic analysis of a corpus of 15 performances of percussion music from Bamako, Mali. In our corpus, the relative frequency of note onsets in a given metrical position does not correspond to patterns of metrical accent, though there is a stable relationship between onset frequency and metrical position. The implications of this non-congruence between simple statistical likelihood and metrical structure for the ways in which meter and metrical accent may be learned and understood are discussed, along with importance of cross-cultural studies for psychological research.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
London, Justin, Rainer Polak, and Nori Jacoby. “Rhythm Histograms and Musical Meter: A Corpus Study of Malian Percussion Music.” Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (July 6, 2016).
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