Small-Molecule Reactivation of Mutant p53 to Wild-Type-like p53 through the p53-Hsp40 Regulatory Axis
Author(s)Hiraki, Masatsugu; Hwang, So-Young; Cao, Shugeng; Ramadhar, Timothy R.; Byun, Sanguine; Yoon, Kyoung Wan; Lee, Jung Hyun; Chu, Kiki; Gurkar, Aditi U.; Kolev, Vihren; Zhang, Jianming; Namba, Takushi; Murphy, Maureen E.; Newman, David J.; Clardy, Jon; Lee, Samuel W.; Mandinova, Anna; ... Show more Show less
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TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer, and small-molecule reactivation of mutant p53 function represents an important anticancer strategy. A cell-based, high-throughput small-molecule screen identified chetomin (CTM) as a mutant p53 R175H reactivator. CTM enabled p53 to transactivate target genes, restored MDM2 negative regulation, and selectively inhibited the growth of cancer cells harboring mutant p53 R175H in vitro and in vivo. We found that CTM binds to Hsp40 and increases the binding capacity of Hsp40 to the p53 R175H mutant protein, causing a potential conformational change to a wild-type-like p53. Thus, CTM acts as a specific reactivator of the p53 R175H mutant form through Hsp40. These results provide new insights into the mechanism of reactivation of this specific p53 mutant.
DepartmentBroad Institute of MIT and Harvard
Chemistry and Biology
Hiraki, Masatsugu; Hwang, So-Young; Cao, Shugeng; Ramadhar, Timothy R.; Byun, Sanguine; Yoon, Kyoung Wan; Lee, Jung Hyun; et al. “Small-Molecule Reactivation of Mutant P53 to Wild-Type-Like P53 through the P53-Hsp40 Regulatory Axis.” Chemistry & Biology 22, no. 9 (September 2015): 1206–1216. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd
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