Experimental investigation of transient critical heat flux of water-based zinc–oxide nanofluids
Author(s)Sharma, Vivek Inder; Buongiorno, Jacopo; McKrell, Thomas J; Hu, Lin-Wen
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Pool boiling experiments were conducted for sandblasted stainless steel (grade 316) plate heaters submerged in deionized (DI) water and water-based zinc–oxide nanofluid, for transient heat flux conditions with power through the heaters increasing quadratically with time. Heat flux in the experiments was increased from zero to CHF in short time frames of 1, 10 and 100 s. Consistent with previous studies, transient CHF for DI water was higher than steady state CHF, and CHF increased with decreasing duration of the transient. Additionally, it was observed that for nanofluid tests, a porous and hydrophilic nanoparticle layer started to deposit on the heater surface in short time frames of 10 and 100 s, and this layer was responsible for the enhanced CHF compared to DI water. However, for the 1 s tests, nanoparticle deposition did not occur and consequently the CHF was not enhanced. Finally, experiments with heaters pre-coated with nanoparticles were performed and it was found that CHF was enhanced for all transient durations down to 1 s, establishing firmly that the CHF enhancement occurs due to surface modifications by the deposited nanoparticles, and not by nanoparticles suspended in solution.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Sharma, Vivek I.; Buongiorno, Jacopo; McKrell, Thomas J. and Hu, Lin W. “Experimental Investigation of Transient Critical Heat Flux of Water-Based Zinc–oxide Nanofluids.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 61 (June 2013): 425–431. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd
Author's final manuscript