Stereoselective Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) of Methyl-N-(1-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-3-carboxylate by Molybdenum and Tungsten Initiators
Author(s)Jeong, Hyangsoo; Ng, Victor Wee Lin; Borner, Janna; Schrock, Richard Royce
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Ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of methyl-N-(1-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-3-carboxylate (PhEtNNBE; (S) and racemic) was investigated employing six molybdenum and tungsten imido alkylidene initiators and two tungsten oxo alkylidene initiators. Of the six initiators that we proposed should yield cis,syndiotactic-poly[(S)-PhEtNNBE], two molybdenum OHMT alkylidene initiators, Mo(NR)(CHMe2Ph)(pyr)(OHMT) (R = 1-adamantyl (Ad) or 2,6-Me[subscript 2]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 3] (Ar′); OHMT = O-2,6-mesityl[subscript 2]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 3]; pyr = pyrrolide), and two tungsten oxo alkylidene initiators, W(O)(CHMe[subscript 2]Ph)(2,5-dimethylpyrrolide)(PMe2Ph)(OR) (OR = OHMT or (R)-OBr[subscript 2]Bitet where (R)-Br[subscript 2]BitetOH = (R)-3,3′-dibromo-2′-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5,5′,6,6′,7,7′,8,8′-octahydro-1,1′-binaphthyl-2-ol), produced essentially pure cis,syndiotactic-poly[(S)-PhEtNNBE]. Essentially pure cis,isotactic-poly[(S)-PhEtNNBE] was formed when (S)-PhEtNNBE was polymerized by Mo(NAr′)(CHCMe2Ph)(OBiphen[subscript CF3])(thf) or W(NAr′)(CHCMe[subscript 2]Ph)((S)-OBiphenMe) (OBiphenCF3 = 3,3′-di-tert-butyl-5,5′-bistrifluoromethyl-6,6′-dimethyl-1,1′-biphenyl-2,2′-diolate; (S)-OBiphen[subscript Me] = 3,3′-di-tert-butyl-5,5′,6,6′-tetramethyl-1,1′-biphenyl-2,2′-diolate). The best initiator for ROMP of rac-PhEtNNBE was Mo(NAd)(CHMe[subscript 2]Ph)(pyr)(OHMT) at 0 °C, which led to a polymer that is biased (∼80%) toward a cis,syndiotactic structure and that contains alternating enantiomers in the chain (cis,syndio,alt-poly[(rac)-PhEtNNBE]).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Jeong, Hyangsoo, Victor W. L. Ng, Janna Börner, and Richard R. Schrock. “ Stereoselective Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) of Methyl-N-(1-Phenylethyl)-2-Azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-Ene-3-Carboxylate by Molybdenum and Tungsten Initiators .” Macromolecules 48, no. 7 (April 14, 2015): 2006–2012.
Author's final manuscript