Steepest Entropy Ascent Models of the Boltzmann Equation: Comparisons With Hard-Sphere Dynamics and Relaxation-Time Models for Homogeneous Relaxation From Highly Non-Equilibrium States
Author(s)Beretta, Gian Paolo; Hadjiconstantinou, Nicolas
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We present a family of steepest entropy ascent (SEA) models of the Boltzmann equation. The models preserve the usual collision invariants (mass, momentum, energy), as well as the non-negativity of the phase-space distribution, and have a strong built-in thermodynamic consistency, i.e., they entail a general H-theorem valid even very far from equilibrium. This family of models features a molecular-speed-dependent collision frequency; each variant can be shown to approach a corresponding BGK model with the same variable collision frequency in the limit of small deviation from equilibrium. This includes power-law dependence on the molecular speed for which the BGK model is known to have a Prandtl number that can be adjusted via the power-law exponent. We compare numerical solutions of the constant and velocity-dependent collision frequency variants of the SEA model with the standard relaxation-time model and a Monte Carlo simulation of the original Boltzmann collision operator for hard spheres for homogeneous relaxation from near-equilibrium and highly non-equilibrium states. Good agreement is found between all models in the near-equilibrium regime. However, for initial states that are far from equilibrium, large differences are found; this suggests that the maximum entropy production statistical ansatz is not equivalent to Boltzmann collisional dynamics and needs to be modified or augmented via additional constraints or structure.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition IMECE2013
Beretta, Gian Paolo, and Nicolas G. Hadjiconstantinou. “Steepest Entropy Ascent Models of the Boltzmann Equation: Comparisons With Hard-Sphere Dynamics and Relaxation-Time Models for Homogeneous Relaxation From Highly Non-Equilibrium States.” 15-21 November, 2013, San Diego, California, USA, ASME, 2013. © 2013 by ASME
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