Characterizing K2 Candidate Planetary Systems Orbiting Low-mass Stars. I. Classifying Low-mass Host Stars Observed during Campaigns 1–7
Author(s)Dressing, Courtney D.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Charbonneau, David; Knutson, Heather A.; Vanderburg, Andrew; Sinukoff, Evan; Newton, Elisabeth R; ... Show more Show less
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We present near-infrared spectra for 144 candidate planetary systems identified during Campaigns 1–7 of the NASA K2 Mission. The goal of the survey was to characterize planets orbiting low-mass stars, but our Infrared Telescope Facility/SpeX and Palomar/TripleSpec spectroscopic observations revealed that 49% of our targets were actually giant stars or hotter dwarfs reddened by interstellar extinction. For the 72 stars with spectra consistent with classification as cool dwarfs (spectral types K3–M4), we refined their stellar properties by applying empirical relations based on stars with interferometric radius measurements. Although our revised temperatures are generally consistent with those reported in the Ecliptic Plane Input Catalog (EPIC), our revised stellar radii are typically 0.13 [subscript ⊙](39%) larger than the EPIC values, which were based on model isochrones that have been shown to underestimate the radii of cool dwarfs. Our improved stellar characterizations will enable more efficient prioritization of K2 targets for follow-up studies.
DepartmentKavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Dressing, Courtney D.; Newton, Elisabeth R.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Charbonneau, David; Knutson, Heather A.; Vanderburg, Andrew and Sinukoff, Evan. “Characterizing K2 Candidate Planetary Systems Orbiting Low-Mass Stars. I. Classifying Low-Mass Host Stars Observed During Campaigns 1–7.” The Astrophysical Journal 836, no. 2 (February 2017): 167 © 2017 The American Astronomical Society
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