Large eddy simulation of flow and scalar transport in a vegetated channel
Author(s)Yan, Chao; Huang, Wei-Xi; Cui, Gui-Xiang; Nepf, Heidi
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Predicting flow and mass transport in vegetated regions has a broad range of applications in ecology and engineering practice. This paper presents large eddy simulation (LES) of turbulent flow and scalar transport within a fully developed open-channel with submerged vegetation. To properly represent the scalar transport, an additional diffusivity was introduced within the canopy to account for the contribution of stem wakes, which were not resolved by the LES, to turbulent diffusion. The LES produced good agreement with the velocity and concentration fields measured in a flume experiment. The simulation revealed a secondary flow distributed symmetrically about the channel centerline, which differed significantly from the circulation in a bare channel. The secondary circulation accelerated the vertical spread of the plume both within and above the canopy layer. Quadrant analysis was used to identify the form and shape of canopy-scale turbulent structures within and above the vegetation canopy. Within the canopy, sweep events contributed more to momentum transfer than ejection events, whereas the opposite occurred above the canopy. The coherent structures were similar to those observed in terrestrial canopies, but smaller in scale due to the constraint of the water surface.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Yan, Chao et al. “Large Eddy Simulation of Flow and Scalar Transport in a Vegetated Channel.” Environmental Fluid Mechanics 17.3 (2017): 497–519.
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