Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSamrane, Kamal
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Zhilong
dc.contributor.authorPeng, You
dc.contributor.authorHatton, Trevor Alan
dc.contributor.authorMyerson, Allan S.
dc.contributor.authorBraatz, Richard D
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-14T14:35:31Z
dc.date.available2017-06-14T14:35:31Z
dc.date.issued2016-03
dc.identifier.issn1877-7058
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/109854
dc.description.abstractA key unit operation in the production of phosphoric acid is the filtration needed to separate calcium sulphate dihydrate (CaSO₄·2H₂O, gypsum) crystals from an acid slurry. The filtration efficiency depends on the shape and size distribution (SSD) of the gypsum crystals produced from the upstream reactive crystallization. This article describes the construction of a first-principles model and computationally efficient numerical solver for the prediction of SSD during the reactive crystallization of gypsum while taking non-ideal phase equilibria and the effects of impurities (i.e., metal ions) into account. A population balance model couples the impurity compositions in the feed streams to the SSD for given process conditions, with the independent dimensions of the crystals being their length and width. Such a population balance model with two independent dimensions is able to represent rod-like crystals with varying aspect ratios (length/width). The compositions of all species in solution and the supersaturation driving force for crystal nucleation and growth are described using a mixed solvent electrolyte model that accounts for long-range, short-range, and ionic interactions. OLI software for computing the compositions is integrated with a Matlab implementation of the population balance model that is solved using the method of characteristics, which transforms the partial differential equations of the population balance model into a system of ordinary differential equations. This simulation method does not exhibit the numerical diffusion or dispersion common in other simulation methods, while being more computationally efficient. The crystal nucleation and growth rates are measured in a series of mixed-suspension mixed-product-removal experiments of various acid concentration, temperature, and impurity levels. A variety of models for the effects of impurities on the growth rates along the width and length dimensions are compared in terms of their ability to describe experimental observations. Keywords phosphoric acid particle shape crystallization population balance models gypsumen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.02.098en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs Licenseen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.sourceElsevieren_US
dc.titleCrystallization of Calcium Sulphate During Phosphoric Acid Production: Modeling Particle Shape and Size Distributionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationZhu, Zhilong; Peng, You; Hatton, T. Alan; Samrane, Kamal; Myerson, Allan S. and Braatz, Richard D. “Crystallization of Calcium Sulphate During Phosphoric Acid Production: Modeling Particle Shape and Size Distribution.” Procedia Engineering 138 (March 2016): 390–402 © 2016 The Authorsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorZhu, Zhilong
dc.contributor.mitauthorPeng, You
dc.contributor.mitauthorHatton, Trevor Alan
dc.contributor.mitauthorMyerson, Allan S.
dc.contributor.mitauthorBraatz, Richard D
dc.relation.journalProcedia Engineeringen_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dspace.orderedauthorsZhu, Zhilong; Peng, You; Hatton, T. Alan; Samrane, Kamal; Myerson, Allan S.; Braatz, Richard D.en_US
dspace.embargo.termsNen_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7098-9091
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9660-2177
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4558-245X
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7468-8093
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4304-3484
mit.licensePUBLISHER_CCen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record