Reconfigurable and responsive droplet-based compound micro-lenses
Author(s)Subramanian, Kaushikaram; Kreysing, Moritz; Nagelberg, Sara Nicole; Zarzar, Lauren D.; Nicolas, Natalie J.; Kalow, Julia Ann; Sresht, Vishnu; Blankschtein, Edmundo D; Barbastathis, George; Swager, Timothy M; Kolle, Mathias; ... Show more Show less
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Micro-scale optical components play a crucial role in imaging and display technology, biosensing, beam shaping, optical switching, wavefront-analysis, and device miniaturization. Herein, we demonstrate liquid compound micro-lenses with dynamically tunable focal lengths. We employ bi-phase emulsion droplets fabricated from immiscible hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon liquids to form responsive micro-lenses that can be reconfigured to focus or scatter light, form real or virtual images, and display variable focal lengths. Experimental demonstrations of dynamic refractive control are complemented by theoretical analysis and wave-optical modelling. Additionally, we provide evidence of the micro-lenses’ functionality for two potential applications—integral micro-scale imaging devices and light field display technology—thereby demonstrating both the fundamental characteristics and the promising opportunities for fluid-based dynamic refractive micro-scale compound lenses.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Nature Publishing Group
Nagelberg, Sara et al. “Reconfigurable and Responsive Droplet-Based Compound Micro-Lenses.” Nature Communications 8 (2017): 14673. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited
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