Modular Extensions of Unitary Braided Fusion Categories and 2+1D Topological/SPT Orders with Symmetries
Author(s)Lan, Tian; Kong, Liang; Wen, Xiao-Gang
Open Access Policy
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike
MetadataShow full item record
A finite bosonic or fermionic symmetry can be described uniquely by a symmetric fusion category E. In this work, we propose that 2+1D topological/SPT orders with a fixed finite symmetry E are classified, up to E8 quantum Hall states, by the unitary modular tensor categories C over E and the modular extensions of each C. In the case C=E, we prove that the set Mext(E) of all modular extensions of E has a natural structure of a finite abelian group. We also prove that the set Mext(C) of all modular extensions of E, if not empty, is equipped with a natural Mext(C)-action that is free and transitive. Namely, the set Mext(C) is an Mext(E)-torsor. As special cases, we explain in detail how the group Mext(E) recovers the well-known group-cohomology classification of the 2+1D bosonic SPT orders and Kitaev’s 16 fold ways. We also discuss briefly the behavior of the group Mext(E) under the symmetry-breaking processes and its relation to Witt groups.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Communications in Mathematical Physics
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Lan, Tian, Liang Kong, and Xiao-Gang Wen. “Modular Extensions of Unitary Braided Fusion Categories and 2+1D Topological/SPT Orders with Symmetries.” Communications in Mathematical Physics 351, no. 2 (September 22, 2016): 709–739.
Author's final manuscript