Light-Controlled Radical Polymerization: Mechanisms, Methods, and Applications
Author(s)Chen, Mao; Zhong, Mingjiang; Johnson, Jeremiah A.
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The use of light to mediate controlled radical polymerization has emerged as a powerful strategy for rational polymer synthesis and advanced materials fabrication. This review provides a comprehensive survey of photocontrolled, living radical polymerizations (photo-CRPs). From the perspective of mechanism, all known photo-CRPs are divided into either (1) intramolecular photochemical processes or (2) photoredox processes. Within these mechanistic regimes, a large number of methods are summarized and further classified into subcategories based on the specific reagents, catalysts, etc., involved. To provide a clear understanding of each subcategory, reaction mechanisms are discussed. In addition, applications of photo-CRP reported so far, which include surface fabrication, particle preparation, photoresponsive gel design, and continuous flow technology, are summarized. We hope this review will not only provide informative knowledge to researchers in this field but also stimulate new ideas and applications to further advance photocontrolled reactions.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Chen, Mao; Zhong, Mingling and Johnson, Jeremiah A. "Light-Controlled Radical Polymerization: Mechanisms, Methods, and Applications." Chemical Reviews116, 17 (September 2016): 10167–10211 © 2016 American Chemical Society
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