Chest Wall Kinematics Using Triangular Cosserat Point Elements in Healthy and Neuromuscular Subjects
Author(s)Meric, Henri; Rubin, M. B; Pradon, Didier; Lofaso, Frédéric; Wolf, Alon; Rubin, M. B.; Solav, Dana; ... Show more Show less
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Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a noninvasive method for assessing lung volume variations and the contributions of different anatomical compartments of the chest wall (CW) through measurements of the motion of markers attached to the CW surface. The present study proposes a new method for analyzing the local CW kinematics from OEP measurements based on the kinematics of triangular Cosserat point elements (TCPEs). 52 reflective markers were placed on the anterior CW to create a mesh of 78 triangles according to an anatomical model. Each triangle was characterized by a TCPE and its kinematics was described using four time-variant scalar TCPE parameters. The total CW volume (V[subscript TCW]) and the contributions of its six compartments were also estimated, using the same markers. The method was evaluated using measurements of ten healthy subjects, nine patients with Pompe disease, and ten patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), during spontaneous breathing (SB) and vital capacity maneuvers (VC) in the supine position. TCPE parameters and compartmental volumes were compared with (V[subscript TCW]) by computing the phase angles θ (for SB) and the correlation r (for VC) between them. Analysis of θ and r of the outward translation parameter P[subscript] of each TCPE revealed that for healthy subjects it provided similar results to those obtained by compartmental volumes, whereas for the neuromuscular patients the TCPE method was capable of detecting local asynchronous and paradoxical movements also in cases where they were undistinguished by volumes. Therefore, the TCPE approach provides additional information to OEP that may enhance its clinical evaluation capabilities.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Media Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Extreme Bionics
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Solav, Dana; Meric, Henri; Rubin, M. B. et al. “Chest Wall Kinematics Using Triangular Cosserat Point Elements in Healthy and Neuromuscular Subjects.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering 45, 8 (April 2017): 1963–1973 © 2017 Biomedical Engineering Society
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