β-Arrestin2 Couples Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 to Neuronal Protein Synthesis and Is a Potential Target to Treat Fragile X
Author(s)Auerbach, Benjamin D.; Lefkowitz, Robert J.; Stoppel, Laura Jane; Senter, Rebecca K; Preza, Anthony R.; Bear, Mark; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
Synaptic protein synthesis is essential for modification of the brain by experience and is aberrant in several genetically defined disorders, notably fragile X (FX), a heritable cause of autism and intellectual disability. Neural activity directs local protein synthesis via activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu 5 ), yet how mGlu 5 couples to the intracellular signaling pathways that regulate mRNA translation is poorly understood. Here, we provide evidence that β-arrestin2 mediates mGlu 5 -stimulated protein synthesis in the hippocampus and show that genetic reduction of β-arrestin2 corrects aberrant synaptic plasticity and cognition in the Fmr1 −/y mouse model of FX. Importantly, reducing β-arrestin2 does not induce psychotomimetic activity associated with full mGlu 5 inhibitors and does not affect G q signaling. Thus, in addition to identifying a key requirement for mGlu 5 -stimulated protein synthesis, these data suggest that β-arrestin2-biased negative modulators of mGlu 5 offer significant advantages over first-generation inhibitors for the treatment of FX and related disorders.
DepartmentPicower Institute for Learning and Memory
Stoppel, Laura J. et al. “β-Arrestin2 Couples Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 to Neuronal Protein Synthesis and Is a Potential Target to Treat Fragile X.” Cell Reports 18, 12 (March 2017): 2807–2814 © 2017 The Author(s)
Final published version