Reduction of threading dislocation density in Ge/Si using a heavily As-doped Ge seed layer
Author(s)Lee, Kwang Hong; Bao, Shuyu; Wang, Bing; Wang, Cong; Yoon, Soon Fatt; Tan, Chuan Seng; Michel, Jurgen; Fitzgerald, Eugene A; ... Show more Show less
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High quality germanium (Ge) epitaxial film is grown directly on silicon (001) substrate with 6° off-cut using a heavily arsenic (As) doped Ge seed layer. The growth steps consists of (i) growth of a heavily As-doped Ge seed layer at low temperature (LT, at 400°C), (ii) Ge growth with As gradually reduced to zero at high temperature (HT, at 650°C), (iii) pure Ge growth at HT. This is followed by thermal cyclic annealing in hydrogen at temperature ranging from 600 to 850°C. Analytical characterization have shown that the Ge epitaxial film with a thickness of ∼1.5 μm experiences thermally induced tensile strain of 0.20% with a treading dislocation density (TDD) of mid 10⁶ /cm² which is one order of magnitude lower than the control group without As doping and surface roughness of 0.37 nm. The reduction in TDD is due to the enhancement in velocity of dislocations in an As-doped Ge film.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Lee, Kwang Hong et al. “Reduction of Threading Dislocation Density in Ge/Si Using a Heavily As-Doped Ge Seed Layer.” AIP Advances 6, 2 (February 2016): 025028 © 2016 Author(s)
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