A Search for Additional Bodies in the GJ 1132 Planetary System from 21 Ground-based Transits and a 100-hr
Author(s)Dittmann, Jason A.; Irwin, Jonathan M.; Charbonneau, David; Berta-Thompson, Zachory K.; Newton, Elisabeth R
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We present the results of a search for additional bodies in the GJ 1132 system through two methods: photometric transits and transit timing variations of GJ 1132b. We collected 21 transit observations of GJ 1132b with the MEarth-South array. We obtained 100 near-continuous hours of observations with the Spitzer Space Telescope, including two transits of GJ 1132b and spanning 60% of the orbital phase of the maximum (6.9-day) period at which bodies coplanar with GJ 1132b would transit. We exclude transits of additional Mars-sized bodies, such as a second planet or a moon, with a confidence of 99.7%. We find that the planet-to-star radius ratio inferred from the MEarth and Spitzer light curves are discrepant at the 3.7σ level, which we ascribe to the effects of starspots and faculae. When we combine the mass estimate of the star (obtained from its parallax and apparent K s band magnitude) with the stellar density inferred from our high-cadence Spitzer light curve (assuming zero eccentricity), we measure the stellar radius of GJ 1132 to be 0.2105 [subscript -0.0085][superscript +0.0102] R[subscript ⊙], and we refine the radius measurement of GJ 1132b to 1.130 ± 0.056R[subscript ⊕]. Combined with HARPS RV measurements, we determine the density of GJ 1132b to be 6.2 ± 2.0 g cm [superscript -3]. We refine the ephemeris of the system (improving the period determination by an order of magnitude) and find no evidence for transit timing variations, which would be expected if there was a second planet near an orbital resonance with GJ 1132b.
DepartmentMIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
Dittmann, Jason A. et al. “A Search for Additional Bodies in the GJ 1132 Planetary System from 21 Ground-Based Transits and a 100-Hr Spitzer Campaign.” The Astronomical Journal 154, 4 (September 2017): 142 © 2017 The American Astronomical Society
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