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Creation of a Bose-condensed gas of ⁸⁷Rb by laser cooling

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dc.contributor.author Hu, Jiazhong
dc.contributor.author Urvoy, Alban Joseph
dc.contributor.author Vendeiro, Zachary Michael
dc.contributor.author Crepel, Valentin Didier
dc.contributor.author Chen, Wenlan
dc.contributor.author Vuletic, Vladan
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-28T18:39:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-28T18:39:16Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11
dc.date.submitted 2017-05
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.issn 1095-9203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/112305
dc.description.abstract Protocols for attaining quantum degeneracy in atomic gases almost exclusively rely on evaporative cooling, a time-consuming final step associated with substantial atom loss. We demonstrate direct laser cooling of a gas of rubidium-87 (⁸⁷Rb) atoms to quantum degeneracy. The method is fast and induces little atom loss. The atoms are trapped in a two-dimensional optical lattice that enables cycles of compression to increase the density, followed by Raman sideband cooling to decrease the temperature. From a starting number of 2000 atoms, 1400 atoms reach quantum degeneracy in 300 milliseconds, as confirmed by a bimodal velocity distribution. The method should be broadly applicable to many bosonic and fermionic species and to systems where evaporative cooling is not possible. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aan5614 en_US
dc.rights Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. en_US
dc.source Jiazhong Hu en_US
dc.title Creation of a Bose-condensed gas of ⁸⁷Rb by laser cooling en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.citation Hu, Jiazhong et al. “Creation of a Bose-condensed gas of ⁸⁷Rb by laser cooling.” Science 358, 6366 (November 2017): 1078–1080 © The Author(s), some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthor Hu, Jiazhong
dc.contributor.mitauthor Urvoy, Alban Joseph
dc.contributor.mitauthor Vendeiro, Zachary Michael
dc.contributor.mitauthor Crepel, Valentin Didier
dc.contributor.mitauthor Chen, Wenlan
dc.contributor.mitauthor Vuletic, Vladan
dc.relation.journal Science en_US
dc.identifier.mitlicense PUBLISHER_POLICY en_US
dc.eprint.version Author's final manuscript en_US
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle en_US
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed en_US
dspace.orderedauthors Hu, Jiazhong; Urvoy, Alban; Vendeiro, Zachary; Crépel, Valentin; Chen, Wenlan; Vuletić, Vladan en_US
dspace.embargo.terms N en_US
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2937-4810
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6930-8068
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0124-8545
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1521-5365
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9786-0538


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