Prediction of postoperative outcomes using intraoperative hemodynamic monitoring data
Author(s)Prasad, Varesh; Guerrisi, Maria; Dauri, Mario; Coniglione, Filadelfo; Tisone, Giuseppe; De Carolis, Elisa; Cillis, Annagrazia; Canichella, Antonio; Toschi, Nicola; Heldt, Thomas; ... Show more Show less
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Major surgeries can result in high rates of adverse postoperative events. Reliable prediction of which patient might be at risk for such events may help guide peri- and postoperative care. We show how archiving and mining of intraoperative hemodynamic data in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) can aid in the prediction of postoperative 180-day mortality and acute renal failure (ARF), improving upon predictions that rely on preoperative information only. From 101 patient records, we extracted 15 preoperative features from clinical records and 41 features from intraoperative hemodynamic signals. We used logistic regression with leave-one-out cross-validation to predict outcomes, and incorporated methods to limit potential model instabilities from feature multicollinearity. Using only preoperative features, mortality prediction achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.53 (95% CI: 0.44–0.78). By using intraoperative features, performance improved significantly to 0.82 (95% CI: 0.56–0.91, P = 0.001). Similarly, including intraoperative features (AUC = 0.82; 95% CI: 0.66–0.94) in ARF prediction improved performance over preoperative features (AUC = 0.72; 95% CI: 0.50–0.85), though not significantly (P = 0.32). We conclude that inclusion of intraoperative hemodynamic features significantly improves prediction of postoperative events in OLT. Features strongly associated with occurrence of both outcomes included greater intraoperative central venous pressure and greater transfusion volumes.
DepartmentInstitute for Medical Engineering and Science; Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Nature Publishing Group
Prasad, Varesh et al. “Prediction of Postoperative Outcomes Using Intraoperative Hemodynamic Monitoring Data.” Scientific Reports 7, 1 (November 2017): 16376 © 2017 he Author(s)
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