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dc.contributor.authorO'Doherty, S.
dc.contributor.authorRigby, M.
dc.contributor.authorMühle, J.
dc.contributor.authorMiller, B. R.
dc.contributor.authorYoung, D.
dc.contributor.authorSimmonds, P. G.
dc.contributor.authorReimann, S.
dc.contributor.authorVollmer, M. K.
dc.contributor.authorKrummel, P. B.
dc.contributor.authorFraser, P. J.
dc.contributor.authorSteele, L. P.
dc.contributor.authorDunse, B.
dc.contributor.authorSalameh, P. K.
dc.contributor.authorHarth, C. M.
dc.contributor.authorArnold, T.
dc.contributor.authorWeiss, R. F.
dc.contributor.authorKim, J.
dc.contributor.authorPark, S.
dc.contributor.authorLi, S.
dc.contributor.authorLunder, C.
dc.contributor.authorHermansen, O.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidbauer, N.
dc.contributor.authorZhou, L. X.
dc.contributor.authorYao, B.
dc.contributor.authorWang, R. H. J.
dc.contributor.authorManning, A. J.
dc.contributor.authorPrinn, R. G.
dc.contributor.authorIvy, Diane J
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-30T17:02:07Z
dc.date.available2018-05-30T17:02:07Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.date.submitted2014-07
dc.identifier.issn1680-7324
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/115973
dc.description.abstractHigh-frequency, in situ observations from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE), for the period 2003 to 2012, combined with archive flask measurements dating back to 1977, have been used to capture the rapid growth of HFC-143a (CH[subscript 3]CF[subscript 3]) and HFC- 32 (CH[subscript 2]F[subscript 2]) mole fractions and emissions into the atmosphere. Here we report the first in situ global measurements of these two gases. HFC-143a and HFC-32 are the third and sixth most abundant hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) respectively and they currently make an appreciable contribution to the HFCs in terms of atmospheric radiative forcing (1.7±0.04 and 0.7±0.02mWm[superscript -2] in 2012 respectively). In 2012 the global average mole fraction of HFC- 143a was 13.4±0.3 ppt (1o) in the lower troposphere and its growth rate was 1.4±0.04 ppt yr[superscript -1]; HFC-32 had a global mean mole fraction of 6.2±0.2 ppt and a growth rate of 1.1±0.04 ppt yr [superscript -1] in 2012. The extensive observations presented in this work have been combined with an atmospheric transport model to simulate global atmospheric abundances and derive global emission estimates. It is estimated that 23±3 Gg yr[superscript -1] of HFC-143a and 21±11 Gg yr[superscript -1] of HFC- 32 were emitted globally in 2012, and the emission rates are estimated to be increasing by 7±5%yr[superscript -1] for HFC-143a and 14±11%yr[superscript -1] for HFC-32.en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus GmbHen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5194/ACP-14-9249-2014en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en_US
dc.sourceCopernicus Publicationsen_US
dc.titleGlobal emissions of HFC-143a (CH[subscript 3]CF[subscript 3]) and HFC-32 (CH[subscript 2]F[subscript 2]) from in situ and air archive atmospheric observationsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationO’Doherty, S., et al. “Global Emissions of HFC-143a (CH[subscript 3]CF[subscript 3]) and HFC-32 (CH[subscript 2]F[subscript 2]) from in Situ and Air Archive Atmospheric Observations.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 14, no. 17, Sept. 2014, pp. 9249–58. Crossref, doi:10.5194/acp-14-9249-2014. © 2014 Authorsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorIvy, Diane J
dc.relation.journalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physicsen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dc.date.updated2018-05-18T15:53:26Z
dspace.orderedauthorsO'Doherty, S.; Rigby, M.; Mühle, J.; Ivy, D. J.; Miller, B. R.; Young, D.; Simmonds, P. G.; Reimann, S.; Vollmer, M. K.; Krummel, P. B.; Fraser, P. J.; Steele, L. P.; Dunse, B.; Salameh, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Arnold, T.; Weiss, R. F.; Kim, J.; Park, S.; Li, S.; Lunder, C.; Hermansen, O.; Schmidbauer, N.; Zhou, L. X.; Yao, B.; Wang, R. H. J.; Manning, A. J.; Prinn, R. G.en_US
dspace.embargo.termsNen_US


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