The characterization of the gamma-ray signal from the central Milky Way: A case for annihilating dark matter
Author(s)Daylan, Tansu; Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Hooper, Dan; Linden, Tim; Portillo, Stephen K.N.; Rodd, Nicholas Llewellyn; Slatyer, Tracy Robyn; ... Show more Show less
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Past studies have identified a spatially extended excess of ~1-3 GeV gamma rays from the region surrounding the Galactic Center, consistent with the emission expected from annihilating dark matter. We revisit and scrutinize this signal with the intention of further constraining its characteristics and origin. By applying cuts to the Fermi event parameter CTBCORE, we suppress the tails of the point spread function and generate high resolution gamma-ray maps, enabling us to more easily separate the various gamma-ray components. Within these maps, we find the GeV excess to be robust and highly statistically significant, with a spectrum, angular distribution, and overall normalization that is in good agreement with that predicted by simple annihilating dark matter models. For example, the signal is very well fit by a 36-51 GeV dark matter particle annihilating to bb with an annihilation cross section of σv=(1-3)×10-26cm3/s (normalized to a local dark matter density of 0.4 GeV/cm 3 ). Furthermore, we confirm that the angular distribution of the excess is approximately spherically symmetric and centered around the dynamical center of the Milky Way (within ~0.05 ° of Sgr A * ), showing no sign of elongation along the Galactic Plane. The signal is observed to extend to at least ≃10° from the Galactic Center, which together with its other morphological traits disfavors the possibility that this emission originates from previously known or modeled pulsar populations. Keywords: Dark matter; Indirect detection; Gamma-rays
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics
Physics of the Dark Universe
Daylan, Tansu et al. “The Characterization of the Gamma-Ray Signal from the Central Milky Way: A Case for Annihilating Dark Matter.” Physics of the Dark Universe 12 (June 2016): 1–23 © 2016 Elsevier B.V.