23.6%-efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with improved stability
Author(s)Bush, Kevin A.; Palmstrom, Axel F.; Yu, Zhengshan J.; Boccard, Mathieu; Cheacharoen, Rongrong; McMeekin, David P.; Bailie, Colin D.; Leijtens, Tomas; Minichetti, Maxmillian C.; Rolston, Nicholas; Prasanna, Rohit; Harwood, Duncan; Ma, Wen; Moghadam, Farhad; Snaith, Henry J.; Holman, Zachary C.; Bent, Stacey F.; McGehee, Michael D.; Mailoa, Jonathan P; Hoye, Robert L. Z.; Peters, Ian Marius; Sofia, Sarah Elizabeth; Buonassisi, Anthony; ... Show more Show less
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As the record single-junction efficiencies of perovskite solar cells now rival those of copper indium gallium selenide, cadmium telluride and multicrystalline silicon, they are becoming increasingly attractive for use in tandem solar cells due to their wide, tunable bandgap and solution processability. Previously, perovskite/silicon tandems were limited by significant parasitic absorption and poor environmental stability. Here, we improve the efficiency of monolithic, two-terminal, 1-cm2perovskite/silicon tandems to 23.6% by combining an infrared-tuned silicon heterojunction bottom cell with the recently developed caesium formamidinium lead halide perovskite. This more-stable perovskite tolerates deposition of a tin oxide buffer layer via atomic layer deposition that prevents shunts, has negligible parasitic absorption, and allows for the sputter deposition of a transparent top electrode. Furthermore, the window layer doubles as a diffusion barrier, increasing the thermal and environmental stability to enable perovskite devices that withstand a 1,000-hour damp heat test at 85 °C and 85% relative humidity.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Nature Publishing Group
Bush, Kevin A. et al. “23.6%-Efficient Monolithic Perovskite/silicon Tandem Solar Cells with Improved Stability.” Nature Energy 2, 4 (February 2017): 17009 © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
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