Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Dirac fermions in graphene
Author(s)Baudisch, Matthias; Marini, Andrea; Cox, Joel D.; Silva, Francisco; Teichmann, Stephan; Massicotte, Mathieu; Koppens, Frank; García de Abajo, F. Javier; Biegert, Jens; Zhu, Tony; Levitov, Leonid; ... Show more Show less
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The speed of solid-state electronic devices, determined by the temporal dynamics of charge carriers, could potentially reach unprecedented petahertz frequencies through direct manipulation by optical fields, consisting in a million-fold increase from state-of-the-art technology. In graphene, charge carrier manipulation is facilitated by exceptionally strong coupling to optical fields, from which stems an important back-action of photoexcited carriers. Here we investigate the instantaneous response of graphene to ultrafast optical fields, elucidating the role of hot carriers on sub-100 fs timescales. The measured nonlinear response and its dependence on interaction time and field polarization reveal the back-action of hot carriers over timescales commensurate with the optical field. An intuitive picture is given for the carrier trajectories in response to the optical-field polarization state. We note that the peculiar interplay between optical fields and charge carriers in graphene may also apply to surface states in topological insulators with similar Dirac cone dispersion relations.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Nature Publishing Group
Baudisch, Matthias et al. “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response of Dirac Fermions in Graphene.” Nature Communications 9, 1 (March 2018): 1018 © 2018 The Author(s)
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