Nanosecond rf-Power Switch for Gyrotron-Driven Millimeter-Wave Accelerators
Author(s)Kutsaev, S.V.; Jacobson, B.; Smirnov, A.Yu.; Campese, T.; Dolgashev, V.A.; Goncharik, V.; Harrison, M.; Murokh, Alex; Nanni, E.; Picard, J.; Ruelas, Marcos A.; Schaub, S.C.; ... Show more Show less
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The development of alternative mm-wave high-gradient, >200 MV/m, accelerating structures offers a promising path to reduce the cost and footprint of future TeV-scale linear colliders, as well as linacs for industrial, medical, and security applications. The major factor limiting accelerating gradient is vacuum rf breakdown. The probability of such breakdowns increases with pulse length. For reliable operation, millimeter-wave structures require nanoseconds-long pulses at the megawatt level. This power is available from gyrotrons, which have a minimum pulse length on the order of microseconds. To create shorter pulses and to reliably detect rf breakdowns, we developed the following devices: a laser-based rf switch capable of selecting 10 ns long pulses out of the microseconds long gyrotron pulses, thus enabling the use of the gyrotrons as power sources for mm-wave high-gradient linacs, and a shot-to-shot sub-THz spectrometer with high-frequency resolution, capable of detecting pulse shortening due to rf breakdowns.We will describe the principle of operation of these devices and their achieved parameters. We also report on the experimental demonstration of these devices with the high-power gyrotron at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In the experiments, we demonstrate nanosecond rf power modulation, shot-to-shot measurements of the pulse spectra, and detection of rf breakdowns.
Physical Review Applied
American Physical Society
Kutsaev S.V. et al. "Nanosecond rf-Power Switch for Gyrotron-Driven Millimeter-Wave Accelerators." Physical Review Applied 11, 3 (March 2019): 034052 © 2019 American Physical Society
Final published version