Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond
Author(s)Zheng, Jiabao; Chen, Edward H.; Englund, Dirk R.
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Efficient collection of fluorescence from nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond underlies the spin-dependent optical read-out that is necessary for quantum information processing and enhanced sensing applications. The optical collection e ciency from NVs within diamond substrates is limited primarily due to the high refractive index of diamond and the non-directional dipole emission. Here we introduce a light collection strategy based on chirped, circular dielectric gratings that can be fabricated on a bulk diamond substrate to modify an emitter’s far-field radiation pattern. Using a genetic optimization algorithm, these grating designs achieve 98.9% collection e ciency for the NV zero-phonon emission line, collected from the back surface of the diamond with an objective of aperture 0.9. Across the broadband emission spectrum of the NV (600-800 nm), the chirped grating achieves 82.2% collection e ciency into a numerical aperture of 1.42, corresponding to an oil immersion objective again on the back side of the diamond. Our proposed bulk-dielectric grating structures are applicable to other optically active solid state quantum emitters in high index host materials.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics
Optical Society of America
Zheng, Jiabao et al. "Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond." Optics Express 25, 26 (December 2017): 32420 © 2017 Optical Society of America
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