Mediator and RNA polymerase II clusters associate in transcription-dependent condensates
Author(s)Cho, Won-ki; Spille, Jan Hendrik; Hecht, Micca; Lee, Choongman; Li, Charles Han; Grube, Valentin; Cisse, Ibrahim I; ... Show more Show less
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Models of gene control have emerged from genetic and biochemical studies, with limited consideration of the spatial organization and dynamics of key components in living cells. We used live-cell superresolution and light-sheet imaging to study the organization and dynamics of the Mediator coactivator and RNA polymerase II (Pol II) directly. Mediator and Pol II each form small transient and large stable clusters in living embryonic stem cells. Mediator and Pol II are colocalized in the stable clusters, which associate with chromatin, have properties of phase-separated condensates, and are sensitive to transcriptional inhibitors. We suggest that large clusters of Mediator, recruited by transcription factors at large or clustered enhancer elements, interact with large Pol II clusters in transcriptional condensates in vivo.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Materials Research Laboratory
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Cho, Won-Ki et al. "Mediator and RNA polymerase II clusters associate in transcription-dependent condensates." Science 361, 6400 (July 2018): 412-415 © 2018 Academic Press
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