Topology optimization of freeform large-area metasurfaces
Author(s)Lin, Zin; Liu, Victor; Pestourie, Raphael; Johnson, Steven G
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We demonstrate optimization of optical metasurfaces over 10⁵–10⁶ degrees of freedom in two and three dimensions, 100–1000+ wavelengths (λ) in diameter, with 100+ parameters per λ². In particular, we show how topology optimization, with one degree of freedom per high-resolution “pixel,” can be extended to large areas with the help of a locally periodic approximation that was previously only used for a few parameters per λ². In this way, we can computationally discover completely unexpected metasurface designs for challenging multi-frequency, multi-angle problems, including designs for fully coupled multi-layer structures with arbitrary per-layer patterns. Unlike typical metasurface designs based on subwavelength unit cells, our approach can discover both sub- and supra-wavelength patterns and can obtain both the near and far fields.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics
The Optical Society
Lin, Zin et al. "Topology optimization of freeform large-area metasurfaces." Optics Express 27, 11 (May 2019): 15765-15775 © 2019 Optical Society of America
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