Carbon nanotubes and manganese oxide hybrid nanostructures as high performance fiber supercapacitors
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Manganese oxide (MnO [subscript]2) has long been investigated as a pseudo-capacitive material for fabricating fiber-shaped supercapacitors but its poor electrical conductivity and its brittleness are clear drawbacks. Here we electrochemically insert nanostructured MnO [subscript]2 domains into continuously interconnected carbon nanotube (CNT) networks, thus imparting both electrical conductivity and mechanical durability to MnO [subcript]2. In particular, we synthesize a fiber-shaped coaxial electrode with a nickel fiber as the current collector (Ni/CNT/MnO [subscript]2); the thickness of the CNT/MnO [subscript]2 hybrid nanostructured shell is approximately 150 μm and the electrode displays specific capacitances of 231 mF cm−1. When assembling symmetric devices featuring Ni/CNT/MnO [subscript]2 coaxial electrodes as cathode and anode together with a 1.0 M Na [subscript]2 SO [subscript]4 aqueous solution as electrolyte, we find energy densities of 10.97 μWh cm−1. These values indicate that our hybrid systems have clear potential as wearable energy storage and harvesting devices.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Gong, W., et al., "Carbon nanotubes and manganese oxide hybrid nanostructures as high performance fiber supercapacitors." Communications Chemistry 1 (2018): no. 16 doi: 10.1038/s42004-018-0017-z ©2018 Author(s)
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