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dc.contributor.authorLickley, Megan Jeramaz
dc.contributor.authorSolomon, Susan
dc.contributor.authorFletcher, Sarah Marie
dc.contributor.authorStone, Kane Adam
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-15T19:38:12Z
dc.date.available2020-04-15T19:38:12Z
dc.date.issued2020-03
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/124674
dc.description.abstractChlorofluorocarbon (CFC) banks from uses such as air conditioners or foams can be emitted after global production stops. Recent reports of unexpected emissions of CFC-11 raise the need to better quantify releases from these banks, and associated impacts on ozone depletion and climate change. Here we develop a Bayesian probabilistic model for CFC-11, 12, and 113 banks and their emissions, incorporating the broadest range of constraints to date. We find that bank sizes of CFC-11 and CFC-12 are larger than recent international scientific assessments suggested, and can account for much of current estimated CFC-11 and 12 emissions (with the exception of increased CFC-11 emissions after 2012). Left unrecovered, these CFC banks could delay Antarctic ozone hole recovery by about six years and contribute 9 billion metric tonnes of equivalent CO2 emission. Derived CFC-113 emissions are subject to uncertainty, but are much larger than expected, raising questions about its sources. ©2020en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_US
dc.relation.isversionof10.1038/s41467-020-15162-7en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licenseen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.sourceNatureen_US
dc.titleQuantifying contributions of chlorofluorocarbon banks to emissions and impacts on the ozone layer and climateen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationLickley, Megan, et al., "Quantifying contributions of chlorofluorocarbon banks to emissions and impacts on the ozone layer and climate." Nature communications 11, 1 (March 2020): no. 1380 doi 10.1038/s41467-020-15162-7 ©2020 Author(s)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.journalNature communicationsen_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dc.date.updated2020-04-07T12:06:47Z
dspace.orderedauthorsLickley, Megan ; Solomon, Susan ; Fletcher, Sarah ; Velders, Guus J. M. ; Daniel, John ; Rigby, Matthew ; Montzka, Stephen A. ; Kuijpers, Lambert J. M. ; Stone, Kaneen_US
dspace.date.submission2020-04-07T12:06:50Z
mit.journal.volume11en_US
mit.journal.issue1en_US
mit.licensePUBLISHER_CC


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