Mutagenicity of Helicobacter hepaticus infection in the lower bowel mucosa of 129/SvEv Rag2−/−Il10−/−gpt delta mice is influenced by sex
Author(s)Ge, Zhongming; Feng, Yan; Sheh, Alexander; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Gong, Guanyu; Chawanthayatham, Supawadee; Essigmann, John M.; Fox, James G.; ... Show more Show less
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Inflammatory bowel disease and colonic tumors induced by Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) infection in susceptible mouse strains are utilized to dissect the mechanisms underlying similar human diseases. In our study, infection with genotoxic cytolethal distending toxin-producing Hh in 129/SvEv Rag2−/-Il10−/− gpt delta (RagIl10gpt) mice of both sexes for 21 weeks induced significantly more severe cecal and colonic pathology compared to uninfected controls. The mutation frequencies in the infected RagIl10gpt males were 2.1-fold higher for the cecum and 1.7-fold higher for the colon than male RagIl10gpt controls. In addition, there was a 12.5-fold increase of G:C-to-T:A transversions in the colon of Hh-infected males compared to controls. In contrast, there was no statistical significance in mutation frequencies between infected female Rag2Il10gpt mice and controls. Moreover, Hh infection in RagIl10gpt males significantly up-regulated transcription of Tnfα and iNos, and decreased mRNA levels of cecal Atm compared to the infected females; there was no significant difference in mRNA levels of Il-22, Il-17A, Ifnγ and Atr between the infected males and females. Significantly higher levels of cecal and colonic iNos expression and γH2AX-positive epithelial cells (a biomarker for double-strand DNA breaks [DSB]) in Hh-infected Rag2Il10gpt males vs. Hh-infected females were noted. Finally, Hh infection and associated inflammation increased levels of intestinal mucosa-associated genotoxic colibactin-producing pks+ Escherichia coli. Elevated Tnfα and iNos responses and bacterial genotoxins, in concert with suppression of the DSB repair responses, may have promoted mutagenesis in the lower bowel mucosa of Hh-infected male RagIl10gpt mice.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Division of Comparative Medicine; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
International journal of cancer
Ge, Zhongming et al. “Mutagenicity of Helicobacter hepaticus infection in the lower bowel mucosa of 129/SvEv Rag2−/−Il10−/−gpt delta mice is influenced by sex.” International journal of cancer 145 (2019): 1042-1054 © 2019 The Author(s)
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