A tailored, electronic textile conformable suit for large-scale spatiotemporal physiological sensing in vivo
Author(s)Wicaksono, Irmandy; Tucker, Carson I.; Sun, Tao; Guerrero, Cesar A.; Liu, Clare; Woo, Wesley M.; Pence, Eric J.; Dagdeviren, Canan; ... Show more Show less
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The rapid advancement of electronic devices and fabrication technologies has further promoted the field of wearables and smart textiles. However, most of the current efforts in textile electronics focus on a single modality and cover a small area. Here, we have developed a tailored, electronic textile conformable suit (E-TeCS) to perform large-scale, multimodal physiological (temperature, heart rate, and respiration) sensing in vivo. This platform can be customized for various forms, sizes and functions using standard, accessible and high-throughput textile manufacturing and garment patterning techniques. Similar to a compression shirt, the soft and stretchable nature of the tailored E-TeCS allows intimate contact between electronics and the skin with a pressure value of around ~25 mmHg, allowing for physical comfort and improved precision of sensor readings on skin. The E-TeCS can detect skin temperature with an accuracy of 0.1° C and a precision of 0.01 °C, as well as heart rate and respiration with a precision of 0.0012 m/s² through mechano-acoustic inertial sensing. The knit textile electronics can be stretched up to 30% under 1000 cycles of stretching without significant degradation in mechanical and electrical performance. Experimental and theoretical investigations are conducted for each sensor modality along with performing the robustness of sensor-interconnects, washability, and breathability of the suit. Collective results suggest that our E-TeCS can simultaneously and wirelessly monitor 30 skin temperature nodes across the human body over an area of 1500 cm² , during seismocardiac events and respiration, as well as physical activity through inertial dynamics.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Media Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Program in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
NPJ Flexible Electronics
Wicaksono, Irmandy, et al., "A tailored, electronic textile conformable suit for large-scale spatiotemporal physiological sensing in vivo." NPJ Flexible Electronics 4 (2020): no. 4 doi 10.1038/s41528-020-0068-y ©2020 Author(s)
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