Deciphering eukaryotic gene-regulatory logic with 100 million random promoters
Author(s)de Boer, Carl G.; Vaishnav, Eeshit Dhaval; Sadeh, Ronen; Abeyta, Esteban Luis; Friedman, Nir; Regev, Aviv; ... Show more Show less
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How transcription factors (TFs) interpret cis-regulatory DNA sequence to control gene expression remains unclear, largely because past studies using native and engineered sequences had insufficient scale. Here, we measure the expression output of >100 million synthetic yeast promoter sequences that are fully random. These sequences yield diverse, reproducible expression levels that can be explained by their chance inclusion of functional TF binding sites. We use machine learning to build interpretable models of transcriptional regulation that predict ~94% of the expression driven from independent test promoters and ~89% of the expression driven from native yeast promoter fragments. These models allow us to characterize each TF’s specificity, activity and interactions with chromatin. TF activity depends on binding-site strand, position, DNA helical face and chromatin context. Notably, expression level is influenced by weak regulatory interactions, which confound designed-sequence studies. Our analyses show that massive-throughput assays of fully random DNA can provide the big data necessary to develop complex, predictive models of gene regulation. ©2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature America, Inc.
DepartmentBroad Institute of MIT and Harvard; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
de Boer, Carl G. et al., "Deciphering eukaryotic gene-regulatory logic with 100 million random promoters." Nature Biotechnology 38, 1 (January 2020): p. 56–65 doi. 10.1038/s41587-019-0315-8 ©2019 Author(s)
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